• The recent election of Masoud Pezeshkian as President of Iran is a big change in politics, showing how his personal honesty and progressive ideas come together.
  • A former heart surgeon and health minister, Pezeshkian was chosen even though few people went to the polls, which shows that most people don’t trust politicians. However, he has a strong personal following because of his character and desire for unity.
  • Pezeshkian was born in Mahabad in September 1954, a city with a lot of different ethnic groups. He faced problems early on and learned to deal with them after serving in the military in Zabul, which is one of Iran’s poorest towns.
  • This event sparked his political awakening. The tragedy hit when his wife and youngest son died in a car accident. This loss had a big effect on both his personal and business life. Still, Pezeshkian had a successful medical career. He became a heart surgeon and then the head of a university before running for office as an MP for Tabriz.


  • India’s Department of Telecommunications (DoT) released draft rules for the Digital Bharat Nidhi (DBN) on July 4. The goal is to improve and expand efforts to connect people to the Internet, especially in rural, remote, and poor urban areas. This plan changes the current Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) by moving money to help make phone services more accessible and broad.
  • The USOF was created in 2003 to improve telecom services in parts of the country that don’t make a lot of money. It is funded by a 5% tax on telecom operators’ adjusted gross revenue (AGR).
  • Even though it brought in a lot of money, the fund was often criticized for not being used enough. For example, the government says that only about 72% of the Rs 41,740 crore received between 2017 and 2022 was used. This caused the budget to be changed and cut in FY23 because of poor results, especially in projects like the BharatNet one.


  • The Labour Party won a huge majority in the recent government elections, which means that Keir Starmer will be the next Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. The Conservative Party was thrown out, and Labour won 410 of the 650 seats. This was a big improvement from the previous election when they did very poorly.
  • Rishi Sunak, who was Prime Minister at the time, formally conceded defeat, making way for Keir Starmer to take over. This is a major change in the UK’s political scene; Labour now controls the government after a long time of Conservative rule.
  • Keir Starmer was well-known in the areas of human rights and public service before he became a politician. He tried to make sure that Northern Ireland’s police respected human rights. From 2008 to 2013, he was the Director of Public Prosecutions. Notably, he worked on cases that got a lot of attention, like the prosecution of MPs and the media.
  • Even though he was knighted in 2013, he doesn’t use the term “Sir” very often. When Starmer got back into politics, he was elected as a Member of Parliament in 2015, serving a North London district that leans to the left. He was chosen as the leader of the Labour Party in 2020, after Labour’s poor performance in the 2019 general election. He has led Labour to a comeback by taking advantage of the problems the Conservative government is having with the economy and politics.


  • After working together for a while, India and Russia have finished the first part of their joint venture to make AK-203 assault rifles. As part of the larger “Make in India” and “Atmanirbhar Bharaj Shakti Bharat” campaigns, this project shows a big step forward in India’s ability to make defense products using technology and industry.
  • Alexander Mikheev, who is in charge of Rosoboronexport, said that the Korwa Ordnance Factory in Amethi, Uttar Pradesh, now has all the technology it needs to start making a lot of things. Following the delivery of the first 35,000 rifles to the Indian Army, in line with agreed-upon schedules and contractual responsibilities, this is a major development.
  • The company behind this project, Indo-Russian Firearms Private Limited, reached a major milestone by making the first 5,000 AK-203 firearms by January of the previous year. Now that the factory in Amethi is ready to meet the demand for over 600,000 weapons for the Indian Armed Forces, it can make more. There are also plans for future exports that will fit with India’s long-term goals.
  • Hemant Soren was sworn in as Gov. of Jharkhand for the third time on July 4, 2024. Governor C.P. Radhakrishnan led the event at the Raj Bhavan in Ranchi, where the oaths were taken.
  • Following the resignation of Champai Soren, who had briefly taken over as Chief Minister while Hemant Soren was in jail, Hemant Soren was reappointed. Hemant Soren was a very important person in the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM).
  • He had legal problems and was caught by the Enforcement Directorate on January 31, 2024. Because he was arrested, his predecessor took over running the state until the Jharkhand High Court released Soren on bail on June 28, 2024.
  • Hemant Soren was born into a political family in Nemra, Ramgarh district. He first got involved in politics when his older brother Durga Soren died. During his time in politics, he held several important positions, such as member of the Rajya Sabha and Deputy Chief Minister in a coalition government led by Arjun Munda. With help from Congress and RJD, he became Chief Minister for the first time in 2013.
  • This was the start of his long and successful career as a leader in state politics.