1. The Rafah border crossing in southern Gazahas gained global attention as Palestinians are attempting to leave Gaza –


  • The Rafah border crossing in southern Gaza has gained global attention as Palestinians are attempting to leave Gaza in anticipation of a possible Israeli attack as part of the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
  • The Rafah crossing is the southernmost exit point from the Gaza Strip, and it shares a border with Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula.
  • The crossing is controlled by Egypt.It is the only exit that does not lead to Israeli territory.
  • There are only two other border crossings in and out of Gaza, Erez is located in the north and is used by people in Israel.
  • Kerem Shalom, in the south, which is exclusively for commercial goods.Both Erez and Kerem Shalom controlled by Israel are currently closed.
  • The Sinai Peninsula is a triangle-shaped peninsula in Egypt. It’s located in the northeastern part of the country.
  • The peninsula is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Red Sea to the south, and the Gulf of Aqaba to the east.
  • The peninsula includes the Suez Canal, which is a man-made waterway that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.



  1. Maiden Test Flight of Gaganyaan –


  • The Gaganyaan mission’s Flight Test Vehicle Abort Mission-1 (TV-D1) will take place on 21st October 2023 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.
  • TV-D1 will demonstrate the performance of the Crew Escape System.
  • The ultimate aim of Gaganyaan project is to demonstrate human spaceflight capability by launching a crew of 3 members to an orbit of 400 km for a 3 days missionand bring them back safely to earth, by landing in Indian sea waters.



  1. National Film Awards 2023 Winners List Updated –


  • The winners of the 69th National Film Awards were announced at the National Media Center in New Delhi.
  • The 69th National Film Awards took center stage, unveiling a constellation of talented winners who have left an indelible mark on India’s cinematic landscape.
  • These awards are recognized as one of the highest honors in the field of film-making, serve as an evident to the dedication and creativity of individuals who contribute to the nation’s rich cinematic tapestry.
  • President Droupadi Murmu has confered the 69th National Film Awards 2023  on 17 October at the Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. Earlier in August this year, the winners’ names were announced.